Staff2

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Direct examination

Questions posed to a witness who has been called by a party. Cross-examination involves questions posed by the party who did not call the witness. The initial...
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Demeanor

The physical attributes of a witness when testimony is being offered, including gestures, tone of voice, and general appearance. A witness’s demeanor may be...
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Deferral

A policy of the National Labor Relations Board and many public sector labor boards to delay administrative action until an arbitration is completed. An...
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Damages

A sum of money recovered to redress or make amends to a grievant for the wrong done.  In most cases an arbitrator will award only such monies as make the...
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Concerted activity

Employee activity in association with others that usually involves union organizing, protesting employer conduct, or asserting other mutual aid and...
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Collective bargaining

The negotiation by an employer and a bargaining agent of terms and conditions of employment governing the members of a bargaining unit. When successful, their...
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Collateral estoppel

A doctrine barring evidence about a fact or issue that was subject to prior adjudication from being offered in a subsequent arbitration. This concept is...
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Class action

An action in which two or more employees with a common interest file a grievance on behalf of themselves and all similarly-situated...