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Boone's Lick Road

 
 

Way markers marking the historic Boone's Lick Road

The Route of the Boone's Lick Road in 1831. It was the Route Joseph Smith followed to establish his Settlement in Jackson County. Created by the LDS

The Route of the Boone's Lick Road in 1831. It was the Route Joseph Smith followed to establish his Settlement in Jackson County. Created by the LDS

Excerpt from History of Boone County (Published in 1882)
Full Text Available Here

FIRST WHITE SETTLEMENT IN BOONE.

The history of Boone County, not unlike the history of the largest empires on the globe, may be said to be funnel-shaped. Starting from a single point of time (1815) and from a single locality (Thrall's Prairie), its contour diverges and widens as the years roll on until it embraces the population, growth and achievements of nearly threequarters of a century. •

In the beginning a paragraph, a line, a word would record all it had of history. After the elapse of seventy years, so rapid has been the succession and so countless the number of its events, so transforming the forces of its being, and so progressive and civilizing the nature of its achievements in art, in education, in religion, and in all the varied industries which characterize the civilization of our age, that an octavo volume is too small to perpetuate its annals.

The first settlement, or more properly the first cabin erected and patch of corn planted, were the work in 1812-13, of John and William Berry, Win. Baxter and Reuben Gentry, in the neighborhood, if not on a part, of what is now known as " the Model Farm," formerly constituting the large and rich estate of the late Hon. John W. Harris, and in earlier times called "Thrall's Prairie."1 In the same neighborhood, soon after, settled James Barnes, Robert and Mitcliel Payne, John Denham, David McQuitty and Robert Barclay, with their families. Little progress, however, was made in the settlement of the country, now embraced by the boundary lines of Boone County, until after the subsidence of the war with Great Britain, and until after the treaty of 1815 by which the Indians relinquished all claim to any portion of the territory north of the Missouri River. In fact, it may be affirmed as substantially true that, anterior to this time, there was not a white settlement worthy of the name within the present limits of the county.

Speedily succeeding the declaration of peace and the ratification of this treaty of relinquishment of Indian title the tide of immigration set in as a flood, and Robert Hinkson (not Hinckston), after whom the creek on which Columbia is located was called ; William Callaham, for whom " Callahum's Fork," of the Perche, is named; Win. Graham, Reuben and Henry Cave, and perhaps some others, all from Madison County, Ky., settled along the old Boone's Lick trail, or old St. Charles Road, leading from St. Louis to Franklin — a " trail " which was first traversed in 1808-10 by Lieutenant-Colonel Ben. Cooper, and other immigrants of that name, while en route from Madison County, Ky., via St. Charles County and Loutre Island settlement to the neighborhood of " Boone's Lick," in Howard County.

In 1869—70, Mr. E. VV. Stephens, as assistant editor of the Columbia Slatesman, of which paper Col. W. F. Switzler was editor and proprietor, prepared for and published in that journal, a series of interesting historical sketches of Boone County, in which it is claimed that "Callaham, Graham and Hinkson stopped along the Boone's Lick trail baud erected cabins, as taverns, for the accommodation of movers and travelers ;" that Callaham " was a noted hunter and Indian fighter, and can be justly designated as the first white man who ever settled in Boone County. Nearly the same time, however, John Graham built a cabin near the present site of Rocky Fork church (seven miles northwest of Columbia), and he was followed by Robert Hinkson, who lived near the source of the stream that bears his name."

The years 1816, 1817 and IS 18 —the latter the year of the first land sales at Franklin, — witnessed a great influx of population into the "Boone's Lick country," and into the territory now composing the county of Boone.

 
 
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