S.I. Strong

Stacie I. Strong
  • Public and private international law
  • Comparative law
  • Commercial law 
  • Class actions and other multiparty matters
  • Trusts and estates
Associate Professor of Law
Senior Fellow, Center for the Study of Dispute Resolution

Ph.D. (Law)(2002), University of Cambridge
D.Phil. (2003), University of Oxford
J.D.(1994), Duke University Law School
Master of Professional Writing (1990), University of Southern California
B.A. (1986), cum laude, University of California, Davis

S.I. Strong is currently Associate Professor of Law at the University of Missouri School of Law.  She has also taught jurisprudence and British constitutional, contract and tort law at the University of Cambridge and the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom and international commercial arbitration at Georgetown University Law Center in Washington, D.C.

Professor Strong specializes in public and private international law, comparative law (particularly with respect to procedural and constitutional matters) and jurisprudence. She has had over 90 books, articles and other works published in Europe, Asia and the Americas, and her scholarship has been cited as authority by U.S. courts and international arbitral tribunals.  Her research, which has been translated into Spanish, French, Portuguese, Russian and Chinese, has also won accolades from a variety of national and international organizations.

Prior to joining the faculty at Missouri, Professor Strong worked as a dual-qualified practitioner (U.S.-U.K.) in the New York and London offices of Weil, Gotshal & Manges LLP and as Counsel at Baker & McKenzie LLP in Chicago. During her years in practice, she handled complex commercial disputes involving both private parties and state and other public entities in U.S. and English courts. She also represented clients in bilateral and multilateral arbitrations seated in a wide variety of jurisdictions. As counsel, she worked on one of the largest ICC arbitrations in history and handled arbitral matters proceeding under the auspices of the PCA, the ICC, the ICDR, the LCIA and the AAA, as well as ad hoc proceedings under the UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules.

Professor Strong currently serves as an arbitrator, mediator and expert witness in complex commercial disputes.  She has handled numerous cases as sole, presiding or party-appointed neutral, including multimillion dollar disputes and multiparty matters involving anywhere from three to twenty-five parties. Professor Strong is listed on the national and international rosters of various arbitral organizations, including the AAA Commercial Arbitration Panel, FINRA, the ICC, the LCIA, USA&M-Midwest and WIPO. She is also listed as a mediator with the International Council of Museums Art and Cultural Heritage Mediation Program, Missouri federal courts and other organizations. 

Over the years, Professor Strong has served as a U.S. Supreme Court Fellow in Washington, D.C., the Henry G. Schermers Fellow at The Hague Institute for the Internationalisation of Law in The Netherlands, and a Visiting Fellow at the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law at the University of Cambridge in England. Professor Strong is an elected member of the American Law Institute (ALI) and a Fellow of both the European Law Institute (ELI) and the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (CIArb). She has held leadership positions in a number of professional organizations and is currently serving as the Co-Chair of the American Society of International Law's Private International Law Interest Group and on the ICC Midwest Committee. 

Professor Strong received a Ph.D. in law from the University of Cambridge, where she won the Yorke Prize for outstanding doctoral dissertation; a D.Phil. from the University of Oxford; a J.D. from Duke University School of Law; a Master of Professional Writing degree from the University of Southern California; and a B.A. in English literature from the University of California, Davis. While at Duke, she served as Editor in Chief of the Duke Journal of Comparative & International Law. She is admitted to practice in state and federal courts in New York, Illinois and Missouri as well as the United States Supreme Court, and as a solicitor in England and Wales. Professor Strong is proficient in Spanish and is a member of the Order of the Coif.


Recent Publications


Arbitration of Internal Trust Disputes: Issues in National and International Law edited with A. Molloy, (Oxford University Press, anticipated 2016).

Comparative Law for Bilingual Lawyers: Working Across the Spanish-English Divide / Derecho comparado para abogados hispano y angloparlantes with K. Fach & L. Carballo, (Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. anticipated 2016).

How to Write Law Exams: IRAC Perfected with B. Desnoyer, (West Academic Publishing, anticipated 2015).

How to Write Law Essays and Exams, (Oxford University Press, 4th ed., 2014).
| Oxford University Press |

Class, Mass, and Collective Arbitration in National and International Law, (Oxford University Press, 2013).
| SSRN | Oxford University Press |

International Commercial Arbitration: A Guide for U.S. Judges, (Federal Judicial Center, 2012), reprinted in Chinese by the Press of the People's Court of China (2014).
| Catalog | Federal Judicial Center |

Book Chapters/Collected Works

Non-Judicial Means of Collective Redress in Europe, in COLLECTIVE REDRESS IN EUROPE: WHY AND HOW? 423 (British Institute of International and Comparative Law, 2015).
| SSRN |

Limits of Autonomy in International Investment Arbitration: Are Contractual Waivers of Mass Procedures Enforceable?, in CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN INTERNATIONAL ARBITRATION AND MEDIATION: THE FORDHAM PAPERS 2013 141 (Martinus Nijhoff, 2015).
| SSRN |

Mass Torts and Arbitration: Lessons from Abaclat v. Argentine Republic, in UNCERTAINTY AND MASS TORT: CAUSATION AND PROOF 250 (Cambridge University Press, 2015).
| SSRN |

Improving Judicial Performance in Matters Involving International Arbitration, in SELECTED TOPICS IN INTERNATIONAL ARBITRATION: LIBER AMICORUM (Chartered Institute of Arbitrators, anticipated 2015).
| SSRN |

International Litigation - Arbitration, in ENCYCLOPEDIA OF LAW AND ECONOMICS (Springer, 2014).

| SSRN |

Por Qué la Armonización de los Procedimientos del Common Law y el Civil Law es Posible en el Arbitraje Pero no en los Litigios?, (D.A. Agudelo, trans.), in PROCESO JUDICIAL Y CULTURA – UN MIRADA GLOBAL: 6 CONGRESO INTERNACIONAL DE DERECHO PROCESAL 143 (Universidad de Medellín, Colombia, 2013).
| SSRN |

Monism and Dualism in International Commercial Arbitration: Overcoming Barriers to Consistent Application of Principles of Public International Law, in BASIC CONCEPTS OF PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW: MONISM AND DUALISM 547 (University of Belgrade with the Institute of International Politics and Economics and the Institute of Comparative Law, 2013), reprinted in Russian in the BULLETIN OF THE SUPREME COMMERCIAL COURT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (2013).
| SSRN |

Mass Procedures in Abaclat v. Argentine Republic: Are They Consistent With the International Investment Regime?, 3 YEARBOOK ON INTERNATIONAL ARBITRATION 261 (2013).
| SSRN |

Arbitrage et Règlement Extrajudiciaire aux États-Unis d'Amérique (S. Poillot-Peruzzetto, trans.), in CONSTRUCTION EUROPÉENNE: APPROCHE PRATIQUE 313 (Wolters Kluwer France, 2012)

Collective Redress in the Cross-Border Context: Litigation, Arbitration, Settlement and Beyond, in THE LAW OF THE FUTURE AND THE FUTURE OF THE LAW: VOLUME II 401 (Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher, 2012)

Academic Journals

Religious Rights in Historical, Theoretical and International Context: Hobby Lobby as a Jurisprudential Anomaly, 48 VANDERBILT JOURNAL OF TRANSNATIONAL LAW 813 (2015).
| SSRN |

Use and Perception of International Commercial Mediation and Conciliation: An Empirical Study, 21 HARVARD NEGOTIATION LAW REVIEW __ (forthcoming 2015).
| SSRN |

Judicial Education and Regulatory Capture: Does the Current System of Educating Judges Promote a Well-Functioning Judiciary and Adequately Serve the Public Interest?, 2015 JOURNAL OF DISPUTE RESOLUTION __ (forthcoming 2015) (invited symposium submission).
| SSRN |

Writing Reasoned Decisions and Opinions: A Guide for Novice, Experienced and Foreign Judges, 2015 JOURNAL OF DISPUTE RESOLUTION __ (forthcoming 2015) (invited symposium submission).
| SSRN |

Contractual Waivers of Investment Arbitration: Wa(i)ve of the Future?, 29 ICSID REVIEW-FOREIGN INVESTMENT LAW JOURNAL 690 (2014).
| SSRN |

Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments in U.S. Courts: Problems and Possibilities, 33 THE REVIEW OF LITIGATION 45 (2014).
| Westlaw | LexisNexis | HeinOnline |

Beyond International Commercial Arbitration? The Promise of International Commercial Mediation, 45 WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF LAW & POLICY 11 (2014) (invited symposium submission).
| SSRN | Westlaw | LexisNexis | HeinOnline |

Limits of Procedural Choice of Law, 39 BROOKLYN JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW 1027 (2014) (invited symposium submission).
| SSRN | Westlaw | HeinOnline |

Rogue Debtors and Unanticipated Risk, 35 UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW 1205 (2014) (invited symposium submission).
| SSRN | Westlaw | LexisNexis | HeinOnline |

Beyond the Self-Execution Analysis: Rationalizing Constitutional, Treaty and Statutory Interpretation in International Commercial Arbitration, 53 VIRGINIA JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW 499 (2013).
| SSRN | Westlaw | LexisNexis | HeinOnline |

Discovery Under 28 U.S.C. §1782: Distinguishing International Commercial Arbitration and International Investment Arbitration, 1 STANFORD JOURNAL OF COMPLEX LITIGATION 295 (2013).
| SSRN | Westlaw | HeinOnline |

Cross-Border Collective Redress and Individual Participatory Rights: Quo Vadis?, 32 CIVIL JUSTICE QUARTERLY 508 (2013).
| Westlaw |

Mass Procedures as a Form of "Regulatory Arbitration" - Abaclat v. Argentine Republic and the International Investment Regime, 38 THE JOURNAL OF CORPORATION LAW 259 (2013).
| SSRN | Westlaw | HeinOnline |

Cross-Border Collective Redress in the European Union: Constitutional Rights in the Face of the Brussels I Regulation, 45 ARIZONA STATE LAW JOURNAL 233 (2013).
| SSRN | Westlaw | LexisNexis | HeinOnline |

Collective Consumer Arbitration in Spain: A Civil Law Response to U.S.-Style Class Arbitration, 30 JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL ARBITRATION 495 (2013), reprinted in REVISTA DE ARBITRAGEM E MEDIAÇÃO 77 (2014).
| SSRN |

Regulatory Litigation in the European Union: Does the U.S. Class Action Have a New Analogue?, 88 NOTRE DAME LAW REVIEW 899 (2012).
| SSRN | Westlaw | LexisNexis | HeinOnline |

Arbitration of Trust Disputes: Two Bodies of Law Collide, 45 VANDERBILT JOURNAL OF TRANSNATIONAL LAW 1157 (2012).
| SSRN | Westlaw | LexisNexis |

What Constitutes an "Agreement in Writing" in International Commercial Arbitration? Conflicts Between the New York Convention and the Federal Arbitration Act, 48 STANFORD JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW 47 (2012), reprinted in Spanish as Qué Constituye un 'Acuerdo por Escrito' en el Arbitraje Comercial Internacional? Conflictos Entre la Convención de Nueva York y la Ley Federal de Arbitraje, 20 REVISTA INTERNACIONAL DE ARBITRAJE 78 (2014).
| SSRN | Westlaw | LexisNexis | HeinOnline |

Does Class Arbitration "Change the Nature" of Arbitration? Stolt-Nielsen, AT&T and a Return to First Principles, 17 HARVARD NEGOTIATION LAW REVIEW 201 (2012), reprinted in Spanish as Acaso el Arbitraje Colectivo 'Modifica la Naturaleza' de Arbitraje? Los Casos Stolt-Nielsen, AT&T, y un Regreso a los Principios Iniciales, 18 REVISTA INTERNACIONAL DE ARBITRAJE 64 (2013).
| SSRN | Westlaw | LexisNexis | HeinOnline |

Mandatory Arbitration of Internal Trust Disputes: Improving Arbitrability and Enforceability Through Proper Procedural Choices, 28 ARBITRATION INTERNATIONAL 591 (2012).
| SSRN |

Resolving Mass Legal Disputes Through Class Arbitration: The United States and Canada Compared, 37 NORTH CAROLINA JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW & COMMERCIAL REGULATION 921 (2012) (invited symposium submission).
| SSRN | Westlaw | LexisNexis | HeinOnline |

Empowering Settlors: How Proper Language Can Increase the Enforceability of a Mandatory Arbitration Provision in a Trust, 47 REAL PROPERTY, TRUST AND ESTATE LAW JOURNAL 275 (2012).
| SSRN | Westlaw | LexisNexis | HeinOnline |

Border Skirmishes: The Intersection Between Litigation and International Commercial Arbitration, 2012 JOURNAL OF DISPUTE RESOLUTION 1 (2012) (symposium introduction).
| SSRN | Westlaw | LexisNexis | HeinOnline |

Navigating the Borders Between International Commercial Arbitration and U.S. Federal Courts: A Jurisprudential GPS, 2012 JOURNAL OF DISPUTE RESOLUTION 119 (2012) (invited symposium submission).
| SSRN | Westlaw | LexisNexis | HeinOnline |

Professional Journals

Large-Scale Empirical Study of International Commercial Mediation and Conciliation Provides Support to UNCITRAL Process, 8 NEW YORK DISPUTE RESOLUTION LAWYER 36 (2015).

International Commercial Arbitration: Coming to a Courthouse Near You, with J. Kaye, 53 JUDGES' JOURNAL 20 (Summer 2014).
| SSRN | Westlaw |

Managing Multiparty Disputes, CORPORATE DISPUTES 32 (Apr.-June 2014).
| SSRN |

The U.S. Supreme Court Fellows Program: The Opportunity of a Lifetime, 53 JUDGES' JOURNAL 27 (Winter 2014).
| SSRN |

Increasing Legalism in International Commercial Arbitration: A New Theory of Causes, A New Approach to Cures, 7 WORLD ARBITRATION AND MEDIATION REVIEW 117 (2013).
| SSRN |

Rubin Redux: Rights Balancing in Cultural Heritage Litigation, TRANSNATIONAL DISPUTE MANAGEMENT JOURNAL (2013).
| SSRN | TDM Journal |

Mandatory Trust Arbitration in the U.S. and Abroad, 6 NEW YORK DISPUTE RESOLUTION LAWYER 23 (2013).

Trust Arbitration in the United States: Recent Developments Show Increasing Diversity as a Matter of Statutory and Common Law, 18 TRUSTS & TRUSTEES 659 (2012).
| Trusts and Trustees |

Collective Arbitration in ICSID Disputes: Abaclat (formerly Beccara) v. Argentine Republic, 17 ARBITRATION NEWS 84 (2012)

Additional Publications

Book Review: Private International Law in English Courts, 63 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE LAW __ (forthcoming 2015).

Case Comment: Anti-Arbitration Injunctions in Cases Involving Investor-State Arbitration: British Caribbean Bank Ltd. v. The Government of Belize, 15 JOURNAL OF WORLD INVESTMENT LAW AND TRADE 324 (2014).
| SSRN |

Book Review: Bilingual Legal Education in the United States: An Idea Whose Time Has Come?, 64 JOURNAL OF LEGAL EDUCATION 354 (2014).
| HeinOnline |

Case Comment: Ambiente Ufficio S.p.A. v. Argentine Republic: Heir of Abaclat? Mass and Multiparty Proceedings, 29 ICSID REVIEW-FOREIGN INVESTMENT LAW JOURNAL 149 (2014).
| SSRN |

Book Review: Arbitration of International Business Disputes: Studies in Law and Practice, 29 ARBITRATION INTERNATIONAL 671 (2013).
| SSRN |

Book Review: Constitutional Conundrums in Arbitration, 15 CARDOZO JOURNAL OF CONFLICT RESOLUTION 41 (2013).
| SSRN | Westlaw | LexisNexis | HeinOnline |

Working Papers

Use and Perception of International Commercial Mediation and Conciliation: A Preliminary Report on Issues Relating to the Proposed UNCITRAL Convention on International Commercial Mediation and Conciliation, University of Missouri School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014-28
| SSRN |

Complete Listing of Publications