Concentrations & Certificates

Institutions and Organizations (Certificate)

The Graduate Certificate in the Economics and Sociology of Institutions and Organizations, offered by Division of Applied Social Sciences, focuses on the structures and processes of institutions and organizations in changing environments. Institutions are the “rules of the game” that shape human interaction and consist of both formal rules (e.g., legal-contractual) and informal structures (norms, values, and beliefs). Organizations are entities in which people interact and pursue goals, ranging from families to private and nonprofit firms and public agencies. The certificate program emphasizes the common foundations of institutional analysis across academic disciplines including economics, sociology, political science, psychology, anthropology, geography, and law, as well as the ways that multidisciplinary perspectives can inform each other.