Grievance and interest arbitration are common staples of collective bargaining in the public sector.  To a larger degree than in the private sector, legislation plays a significant role in establishing the structure in which public sector labor arbitration occurs.  Such legislation is found in state collective bargaining laws.

In a recent report from the Center for Economic and Policy Research, Milla Sanes and John Schmitt provide a comprehensive list of collective bargaining laws in all 50 states.